Project for 11th Grade US History. Due Monday, 3/7/16. About Philippines Imperialism and how the United States wanted to control them.

The Philippines and Imperialism

By: Brandon Houck, Auston McDonald, and Spencer Bragado

 In 1898, the United States invaded the Philippines and battled it out with the nation of Spain. Soon after the initial invasion, the U.S succeeded in driving out the Spanish Army and took control of the Philippines. However, questions soon ensued about what the U.S was going to do with the Philippines. Opinions were divided in both the U.S mainland and in the Philippines itself, which consisted of over seven thousand islands and people who spoke over eighty different languages. This was a problem for the people of the United States. What were they going to do and how were they goning to do it?

 

The Beginning

An anti-Imperialism cartoon. Shows President McKinley making a new suit for Uncle Sam using the "colonies" of America as fabric.

Some people of the United States, both citizens and politicians, believed that the U.S was destined to become a great empire. Those people also believed in the concepts and priciples of manifest destiny, which stated that it was God's will for the people of the United States to go out and conquer new territory for the U.S. Others believed that the U.S should stay out of the Philippines and that they should let the people of the Philippines operate as a single and independent nation. Filipinos wanted nothing to do with the United States. Even when the Filipinos, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, declared independence and created the republic of the Philippines, the U.S and other countries shrugged this important detail off and refused to recognize them. Outraged by this, Aguinaldo rallied Filipinos together and declared war on the U.S. With that declaration, the Philippine-American War officially started.

The Road to Conflict

A Manifest Destiny cartoon. Shows that the United States is planting seeds for the improvement of the world in the Philippines.

The Philippine-American War

The United States army greatly outnumbered the Filipino fighters. However, almost all the Filipino population showed great support for the war, which they hoped would finally give them the independence they wanted. They also knew the land much better then the U.S did. The Americans, however, had mixed feelings about the war and were constantly debating the idea of fighting the Filipinos. The U.S army was said to have shot unarmed U.S. citizens for supporting the Filippinos in the war. This caused the civilian death toll to grow to as much as two hundred thousand casualties from complications of the war.

All in all, the war took around three years of fighting, much longer than it should have. Some notable battles were the Battle of Milina Bay and the Battle of Santa Cruz. The death count is estimated to be around nineteen to twenty thousand Filipinos and four thousand Americans.

While very stretched out, the Americans eventually won and took control of the entire Philippines. After the fighting concluded, which was caused in part by Aguiinaldo being captured in the year 1901, the new U.S president Theodore Roosevelt gave full amnesty to the people of the Philippines.

Some people didn't think the war was worth it.

After the war, the U.S got the support of strong wealthy Filipinos. Businessmen from the states established businesses that would attract other Filipino buyers and increase their economy marginally. However the U.S would eventually pass statements that would promise the people of the Philippines their independence, which they were eventually allowed under circumstances.

Aftermath