CLASSIC ARCHITECTURE CAN DIVIDE:
- Ancient Greece architecture
- Hellenistic architecture
- Anncient rome architecture
The formal elements of Greece architecture were applied to temples for deities that never they worshiped
the Greek architect Hipodamo of Miletusis considered the firts planer Greeks
Piraeus map showing the plane on city grid
CLASSIC ANTIQUITY ARCHITECTURE
It is a primitive meaning of expression and construction. It started to generate thoughts and beliefs about the primitive cultures
- the megalithic constructions consists on huge stone with slabs without carving, or hardly devastated, vertical and horizontal, pillare, supported, never United with mortar, or some type of rig
- the cyclopean constructions named for the ancient Greeks, have been attributed to fabulous Giants called Cyplos; they were with simple store stones, partly squared, although etched, and with a smaller volume that the megalithic, using sometimes mortar to make walls
The first appeared in the Neolithic period, continued in the early days of the age of copper. the lastest belong to the ages of cooper, bronze or iron.
Belonging to the primitive are known different buildings that served as home to our ancestors from the earliest times. Such are:
- the cabin or hut, made by lattices of ramaje
- the cave or cavern, artificial or natural, but accommodated by the hand of man in their own applications
- the piles or wood lake rooms raised on piles driven into the bottom of a lake or wetland (Neolithic and are aimed at defense against wild animals)
- the crannogs, typical of Ireland, lake islets as dwellings, without leaving the water to pass under them
- the terramare, discovered in Italy , huts of wood and clay in shampy places. With those buildings listed in the where abouts or kiokenmodingos (Danish word meaning remains of home) which are mounds formed by deposits of shells, remains of ash, charcoal, bones, stones and coarse pottery shards, very abundant in Denmark, also found in other regions.
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople
The main fact that influenced the medieval architectural production was the enrichment of the life in the cities.
The church contributed the needed capital fordevelopment of the big architectonic Works.
The technology of this period was used in the construction of cathedrals.
During medieval period, the architect didn’t exist. The construction was made by all people.
The constructive knowledge is saved by the guilds that gathered tens of teachers and workers.