By Bobby Youstra

Ancient Egyptian Industries

Table of Contents

Introduction...................................................................3

Chapter 1: Ancient Egyptian Resources.........................4

Chapter 2: Ancient Egyptian Papyrus............................5

Chapter 3: Ancient Egyptian Glass.................................7

Conclusion......................................................................9

Glossary..........................................................................10

Citations.........................................................................11

About the Author............................................................12

Miners? Manufactures? Engineers? Transporters? Or maybe even ALL of it BEFORE the common era??? No wonder why ancient Egypt was one of the most prosperous ancient civilizations.

 

Ancient Egypt. What kind of industries did have before christ, or less religiously, before the common era?

Introduction

     Before the Common Era, Egyptians were already using a plethora of resources to their advantage. Many common materials we still find today were used by the Egyptians thousands of years ago. Examples include glass, papyrus(a older form of paper), building materials, ships, perfumes, and animal products. Wood was very hard to find considering they were living in a desert, but they often found alternatives like bundled papyrus reeds for ships and stones for buildings and tools. The famous ancient Egyptian pyramid, The Great Pyramid of Giza, was mostly built of sand bricks, because, sand was very common, as, again, they were living in a desert.

Chapter 1: Ancient Egyptain Resources

The Great Pyramid of Giza

 

Chapter 2: Ancient Egyptian Paper

       In 3000 B.C, something was invented in ancient Egypt called the papyrus, the first form of paper in history. One of the words we most commonly refer to is paper, those sheets that came from wood that can be written on. The word paper itself originated from the Latin word papyrus. In fact, since Egyptian Papyrus was invented in 3000 B.C.E., many of Europe already had “paper”, when the Chinese invented “true paper”, a less expensive form of papyrus, in 104 A.D., a full 3104 years after the Egyptians had invented papyrus.

Ancient Egyptian Papyrus

 

       

 

 

Papyrus was named after the plant it came from. The papyrus plant was a plant that could be found in marshy areas surrounding the Nile River. Obviously, the papyrus plant was used to make papyrus, but unlike the Chinese’s “true paper”, it was time consuming and complicated to make. Firstly, the Egyptians harvested the plant by cutting off the stalk.

Secondly, you must cut the outer rind, and cut the sticky fibers in the inner part into thin strips. Thirdly, the strips must be laid out in two layers, one layer vertical, one layer horizontal, and dried under pressure. Finally, sheets would be united back to make a papyrus which expanded over 10 feet in length.

Chapter 3: Ancient Egyptian Glass

        In 2500 B.C, a new form of material started going around in Ancient Egypt in the form of beads, amulets, and pendants. This new material was called Glass. In Ancient Egypt, glass was made out of silica (similar to what is made up in today’s glass), and a varying second ingredient which when changed would change the color of the glass! Examples for the second ingredient includes Cobalt, which would change the color of the glass to tinted blue(most commonly used), Iron and antimony, which would change the color of the glass to yellow, and copper, which would change the color of the glass to turquoise.

Ancient Egyptian Glass

However, like many emerging technologies at their earliest stages, glass was very expensive to make. It was often touted as jewelry for the rich, as you could find many in small bottles or goblets holding perfumes or cosmetics for whoever was the ancient Egyptian queen at the time. Glass advanced with Egypt in terms of complexity, from making small beads in 2500 B.C.E to making parts of vessels out of glass in 1500 B.C.E.

Thousands of years ago, the ancient Egyptian empire was a vast and influential empire which, in return, made live more rich and enjoyable for the Egyptians. The Egyptians had spare time to tynker with ancient technology, and invented such glorious objects such as the first early forms of paper, glass, and propelled architecture to a new level with their pyramids. They were one of the empires that set the standard for many generations and will never be forgotten.Thousands of years ago, the ancient Egyptian empire was a vast and influential empire which, in return, made live more rich and enjoyable for the Egyptians. The Egyptians had spare time to tynker with ancient technology, and invented such glorious objects such as the first early forms of paper, glass, and propelled architecture to a new level with their pyramids. They were one of the empires that set the standard for many generations and will never be forgotten.

Conclusion

          Papyrus - An older form of paper that the ancient Egyptians commonly used as a way of recording day to day activities in Egypt.

          Antimony - A brittle silvery-white mineral that was used 

in ancient egypt to tint ancient Egyptian glass to yellow.

           Vessel - Another word for ship or a large boat.  

           Architecture - The art or science of a building.  

           Originated - Having a specified beginning.

Glossary

 

"Egyptian Industry and Technology." Egyptian Industry and Technology. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.aldokkan.com/science/industry.htm>.

 

"Google Ngram Viewer." Google Ngram Viewer. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <https://books.google.com/ngrams>.

 

"Life in Ancient Egypt." - From Agriculture to Art, Science and Many More. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.love-egypt.com/life-in-ancient-egypt.html>.

 

 Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster, 8 Jan. 2015. Web. 8 Jan. 2015. . <http://www.merriam-webster.com/>

 

 

Citations

      Bobby Youstra, as of writing, is a 6th grader at Corte Madera School. He has written books such as Game On! in his earlier years of schooling. He has a deep interest in computers and the Raspberry Pi, A tiny credit-card sized computer that costs $20-40 USD. Bobby also enjoys playing video games in his free time. One of the video games he is deeply intrested in is Animal Crossing: City Folk which is a game for the Wii where you are a citizen in an town where all the others citizens are animals.

About The Author