This book is dedicated to my entire family, all my pets, all my friends, and all of my extended family because they all are so environmentally friendly.

 

The Amazon Rainforest is a prodigious rainforest located in South America. When compared to other rainforests, it is extremely incredible but is critically endangered. The Amazon is a topic that needs to be considered and examined by all types of people. The Amazon Rainforest needs help right away before it disappears forever.



Inroduction & dedication- p.2

 

CHAPTER 1

What is the Amazon Rainforest- p.4-5

Size of the Amazon Rainforest- p.6

Location of the Amazon Rainforet- p.7

Amazon statistics- p.9

 

CHAPTER 2

Animals of the Amazon- p.10

Golden Lion Tamrarin- p.11

Black Caiman- p.12

Toucan- p.13

 

CHAPTER 3

Destruction of the Amazon- p.15-17

Why you should help the Amazon- p.18

How to help save the Amazon- p.19

 

 

Glossary- p.21

 

Bibliography- p.22

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Amazon Rainforest is a large, lush, and dense rainforest. As of 2013, scientists believe that the Amazon Rainforest itself has about 400 billion trees growing in it’s area. This rainforest has many unique characteristics, is extremely large, and is located in many different provinces.

 

WHAT IS THE AMAZON RAINFOREST?

Many people wonder what the Amazon Rainforest is. According to Bluplanetbiomes,  the Amazon Rainforest can often be referred to as “The Lungs of the Planet”. This statement is accurate because this rainforest alone creates 20% of Earth’s oxygen.

 

The Amazon Rainforest is extremely wet and receives nine feet of rain a year, states www.eduweb.com. That is more rain than the height of the tallest person in history!

 

The average temperature in the rainforest is 79 degrees fahrenheit. That is higher than the annual average temperature in Florida.

 

Most people are unaware that 80% of the world’s diet originated from rainforests such as the Amazon. According to Raintree, common everyday fruits such as bananas and oranges came from these amazing tropical forests.

WHAT IS THE AMAZON RAINFOREST?

It is about 5.5-6.9 million square kilometers. That is so large that if the Amazon Rainforest were a country, it would be the ninth largest in the world, explains Leslie Taylor, author of Herbal Secrets of the Rainforest. This implies that the Amazon Rainforest is larger than the entire country of Mexico. “The Amazon is the world's biggest rainforest, larger than the next two largest rainforests — in the Congo Basin and Indonesia — combined.”, says Rhett Butler, an environmentalist and founder of www.Mongabay.com. This statement exemplifies the massive size of the Amazon Rainforest. He also writes that the Amazon Rainforest is about the size of 48/50 United States. The fact that the United States is the third largest country in the entire world means that this tropical forest is huge. Lastly, according to the World Wildlife Fund, 30 million people live in the Amazon. This shows how big the Amazon is because the entire country of Peru has about the same population.

 

The Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world.

Size of the Amazon Rainforest

Location of the Amazon Rainforest

This massive tropical forest is located in many countries in South America.

 

The World Wildlife Fund writes that the Amazon Rainforest overlaps into to nine national political systems. Obviously, it is  not only located in one province.

 

According to Mongabay, the Amazon takes up land in Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.

 

Next, its location is also the home to 400-500 Amerindian tribes, states National Geographics. The location must be very well protected if hundreds of tribes can subsist to live there.

 

Lastly, the Amazon Rainforest is located along the Amazon River, which it gets its name from. This river is the second longest river in the world and the World Wildlife Fund states that it is responsible for 15-16% of all river discharge that goes into oceans.

All in all, the Amazon Rainforest is a very unique place, with gigantic size, and is located not only in one specific country. The Amazon is extremely different from most places in our world. It is about the same size as some of the largest places on earth and it is located in nine different countries. As you can see, the Amazon is an amazing, exclusive destination with amazing characteristics.

 

“The Amazon is home to more species of plants and animals than any other terrestrial ecosystem on the planet -- perhaps 30 percent of the world's species are found there”, says Rhett Butler, an environmentalist. Many people are unaware that most species living in the Amazon Rainforest are unknown to humans. From the tiny golden lion tamarins, to the colorful toucans, and to the colossal black caimans, the Amazon Rainforest is full of diverse animal life.

 

ANIMALS OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST

The Leontopithecus rosalia is one type of monkey that lives in the Amazon Rainforest.

 

According to National Geographics, it is often called the golden lion tamarin due to its large orange mane that mimics the one of a male lion.

 

The golden lion tamarin is orange and can grow up to 12 inches with a 12 inch tail. This means that, body and tail together, the golden lion tamarin can only grow  a little larger than the size of a newborn baby.

 

National Geographics also states that they are very social creatures, as their entire family stays together in groups called troops.

 

Unfortunately, these adorable primates are an endangered species.

Golden Lion Tamarin

leontopithecus rosalia

The largest predator of the Amazon Rainforest is the black caiman.

 

It has no threats except humans and occasionally jaguars, says www.theanimalfiles.com.

 

This alligator-like creature can grow up to 20 feet and can weigh up to 3,000 pounds. That is as heavy as heavy as a Volkswagon Beetle!

 

Like most reptiles, the black caiman is oviparous. According to www.theanimalfiles.com, this means that this enormous predator lays eggs that do not grow or develop inside the mother.

 

The Black Caiman will eat capybaras, giant river otters, piranha, and will even eat humans (if necessary).

 

BLACK CAIMAN

Melanosuchus niger

The Toucan is one of the most well known species that lives in the Amazon Rainforest. This colorful bird is most well known for its giant colorful beak. According to National Geographics, these beaks can grow up to 7.5 inches and are mostly for show. Www.unique-southamerican-travel-experience.com states that their beaks can be blue, black, red, white or a combination or those colors.

 

Toucans are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. “ In addition to fruit, Toco toucans eat insects and, sometimes, young birds, eggs, or lizards.”, says National Geographics.

 

They also write that a group of toucans is a flock. “Toucans live in small flocks of about six birds.”

 

In the wild, an average toucan can live to about 20 years old.

 

TOUCAN

 Ramphastidae

Obviously, there are many different types of animals in the rainforest. Whether they are tiny monkeys, giant caimans, or colorful birds, they all live in the same habitat. They can be 24 inches, 20 feet, or have a 7.5 inch beak. All in all, the rainforest it full of animals of all shapes and sizes.

 

Rainforests such as the Amazon once covered 14% of the earth. 

They now only cover a mere 6%. “We are losing Earth's greatest biological treasures just as we are beginning to appreciate their true value”, says Leslie Taylor, an environmentalist and author of Rainforest Botanicals. Even though the Amazon Rainforest is being destroyed, people must help, and there are many ways to.

 

Rainforests on the earth's surface

DESTRUCTION

Of the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest is being destroyed at the rate of six football fields per minute. According to www.greenpeace.org, since 1970, a portion of the rainforest the size of california has been destroyed. Over 600,000 kilometers2 of the Amazon Rainforest is gone. In only 2007-2008, the Amazon Rainforest lost 3 million acres of its forests, says www.greenpeace.org. The website, http://gardenofeaden.blogspot.com , states that this amazing rainforest is being destroyed for wood, farming, wood construction, and cattle ranching. This source also states that it is illegal too! According to Brazil’s laws, you are only allowed to use 20% of the land owned. But, owners regularly use all of their purchased land, causing more destruction and deforestation. Other reasons for the deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest are the creation soy plantations and illegal logging.

WHY YOU SHOULD HELP SAVE THE RAINFOREST

People may ask, “Why should I help save the Amazon Rainforest?” Well, there are many reasons why people should help save the Amazon.

 

- First of all, 20% of our oxygen comes from the Amazon Rainforest, says Dazzline V. and Lauren G. It is a known fact that humans need oxygen to live, so technically we need the Amazon to survive.

 

- Secondly, about 200 of our fruits come from this rainforest including pineapples, bananas, and mangos. If people don’t help save the Amazon, all of those products will soon be gone.

 

- Next, according to www.greenpeace.org, people live in the Amazon. It would be very cruel of humans to destroy the home of other beings. Also, 25% of medical drugs have ingredients from the Amazon, says www.greenpeace.org. These drugs include ones that cure headaches, fevers, and high blood pressure.

 

-Finally, “It might carry cures for diseases/cancers”, says Vazzline D. and Lauren G. If the Amazon Rainforest is carrying unknown cures for some of the most severe diseases on earth, than humans such as us should not want to cut it down.

 

There are many simple ways people can help protect the Amazon Rainforest.

 

- One way is to eat less of beef. According to www.adventure-life.com, much of fast food and other beef is from farms that have destructed the Amazon for cattle grazing.

 

- Another way to help protect the Amazon Rainforest is to reduce paper and wood consumption. This helps because the more wood and paper people use, the more trees need to be cut down. The additional trees that are cut down include trees in the Amazon. So if people don’t use as much paper of wood, the less trees in the Amazon will be cut down.

 

-The next way to help the Amazon is for people to be aware of the pets they buy. This is because several pets are threatened or endangered animals that are captured from the Amazon Rainforest, states the World Wildlife Fund.

 

- The last easy way people can help protect this amazing rainforest is to check what type of wood the furniture and other items contain. The World Wildlife Fund writes that threatened plants such as Big Leaf Mahogany are being cut down because it is being used in many products.

 

HOW TO HELP SAVE THE AMAZON

Obviously, the Amazon Rainforest is an important place that is severely threatened, needs protection, and there are many easy ways to do so. This significant rainforest produces 20% of our oxygen is being destroyed at the rate six football fields per minute. The Amazon Rainforest needs people’s help.

 

 

GLOSSARY 

 

Biological: Something that has to with living things.

 

Consumption: How much you use of something.

 

Deforestation: The clearing of forests at an extremely high rate.

 

Discharge: The amount of water flowing through a river.

 

Diverse: Having many things that are very different or unique.

 

Environmentalist: a person who is concerned about the environment and takes action.

 

Flock: A group of birds of a particular type that live together

 

Omnivores: Any living thing that eats both plants and animals.

 

Oviparous: Any living thing that lays eggs that do not develop inside the mother.

 

Predator: An animal that feeds and hunts other animals.

 

Primates: Animals such as humans, apes, and monkeys.

 

Prodigious: Extremely large and stunning in size.

 

Province: The land owned by a certain country.

 

Soy plantation: A large piece of commercial land that grows soy in a tropical region.

 

Terrestrial Ecosystem: A land habitat that is the home to a community of living things.

 

Troop: A group of a particular animal.

 

Bibliography
 
 
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“Amazon Mammals.” Mongabay.com. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.
Robson, Steve. “There Are 400 BILLION Trees Growing in the Amazon, Scientists Say.” mirror. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.
“Amazon Rainforest - Greenpeace USA.” Greenpeace USA. Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
“7 Steps You Can Take To Help Save the Amazon Rainforest.” Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
“Amazon Rainforest Facts For Kids.” Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
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“Facts About the Amazon Rainforest.” Mongabay.com. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
“How Rainy Is the Rainforest?” Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
Society, National G. “National Geographic Kids | Ten Facts About About The Amazon.” Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
“Rainforest Facts.” Web. 17 Feb. 2016.
“Save Our Amazon Rainforest: 10 Reasons Why We Need the Amazon Rainforest.” Web. 29 Feb. 2016.
“The Absolute Insider Guide to South America Travel.” Unique South America Travel Experience - USATE. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.
“Black Caiman: The Animal Files.” Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
Society, National G. “Golden Lion Tamarins, Golden Lion Tamarin Pictures, Golden Lion Tamarin Facts - National Geographic.” National Geographic. Web. 23 Feb. 2016.
“WHY IS THE AMAZON RAINFOREST BEING DESTROYED? |The Garden Of Eaden.” Web. 26 Feb. 2016.
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THE AMAZON RAINFOREST