Pygmy Hog

By Carson Walker

 

 

 

I chose the topic of the pygmy hog for my non fiction book. One reason is my favorite animals are pigs. Another reason is the pygmy hog has a very interesting life. A final reason I chose this topic is because the pygmy hog is one of the smallest pigs in the world. The pygmy hog is a very interesting animal and one of the most interesting pigs.



 

Page 2                                   Introduction

 

 

 

Page 3                                   Chapter 1 

 

 

 

Page 9                                   Chapter 2

 

 

 

Page 15                                 Chapter 3

 

 

Page 20                                  Glossary



Page 21                                  Bibliography

Table of Contents 

Chapter 1, Life of the Pygmy Hog

“Only about 100 to 150 pygmy hogs remain” Arkive.org states on page 1. pygmy hogs have a very interesting life, they have many distinct characteristics, and a distinct diet.

 

The Life of the pygmy hog is very interesting. pygmy hogs on average live 10 to 12 years according to animalinfo.org this means pigs live a shorter life on average in captivity then being in the wild. “The pygmy hog has 2-6 piglets per litter” says animal info page 1 this means that there is still hope for the pygmy hog. The Pygmy hog travel in family groups says ultimateungulate.com page 1 this means it is easier for them to be hunted illeagaly. “It is the sole surviving representative of the 'Porcula' genus.” ”If we loss the pygmy hog then an entire evolutionary branch of the pig  family would be lost.” says reliveearth.com page 1

 

Pygmy hogs look very distinct compared to other pigs. The pygmy hogs are the worlds smallest pig says www.arkive.org this means that it is very difficult for them to survive since there small size. The male pygmy hogs are usually larger than the female pigs states  www.ultimateungulate.com. The average pygmy hogs tail length is 3 centimeters states ultimateunglulate.com. The pygmy hogs cowardly behavior is because it has no defensive features states www.animalinfo.org.

 

Pygmy hogs have a very distinct diet. The pygmy hog eats many distinct foods such as roots, insect, and vegetable matter states www.animalinfo.org. The pygmy hogs are omnivores. This means that it is not very difficult to take care of a pygmy hog.

 

The pygmy hogs are very distinct pigs for many reasons, they have a very interesting life, they look very distinct compared to other pigs, and they have a very distinct diet.

 

 

Chapter 2, Natural Habitat of the Pygmy Hog

The natural habitat of the pygmy hog is in India. The pygmy hogs habitat has many pros' and cons, and there can still be hope if the conservation continues. The pygmy hog can still live as a species if they keep some pygmy hogs in their natural habitat.

 

   The natural habitat of the pygmy hog is around India. The pygmy hogs live in tall grasslands says www.arkive.org  this means it is hard to see them because of there small size. The grass can be moist at most times but can be very dry during certain times of the year according to www.biologydiscussion.com this means during that time of the year it will be difficult for the pygmy hogs to find food. Pygmy hogs build nests out of straw found on the ground then to sleep on shows www.arkive.org in a video that shows pygmy hogs build nests this means that pygmy hogs have a nest to sleep in rather then sleeping on the ground.    

 

 

There are many pros to the pygmy hogs habitat as well. The warm habitat can be very helpful because they cannot get as cold as they would in a different habitat this means they can survive even in the winter. There are also a lot of grass and could use their nests as a shelter in storms this means that they can hide under the trees or in their nest for safety. There is plenty of vegetation for the pygmy hogs to eat this means that the pygmy hogs will not starve as easily according to IUCN red list.  

 

There are many downsides to the pygmy hogs habitat in the wild. Humans chopping down trees are a danger says IUCN red list this means their habitat can be ruined, and the trees might fall on pygmy hogs in the area. Another danger is the storms that often happen in India this means that the storms that often occur in the pygmy hogs habitat are very dangerous. There are also many dangerous animals living in the habitat of pygmy hogs. Forest fires are often a danger states IUCN red list this means that it is very easy for a group of pygmy hogs to be wiped out.

 

Pygmy hogs habitat is very easy to get lost in, there are many cons to the pygmy hogs habitat, and there are many pros to the pygmy hogs habitat this means that there is still hope for the pygmy hog as a species. The pygmy hog can be very easily wiped out but can survive in their habitat.

 

Chapter 3, Status

There are many ways to help the pygmy hog there are also many problems with helping the pygmy hog.   

 

   There are many statistics that may help people understand the problem. The total population is estimated 250 adult pygmy hogs left states ultimateungulate.org this means that it will take awhile for them to repopulate. 2 captive breeding facilities according to ultimatungulate.org. 74 captive born pygmy hogs were released in Sonai Rupai wildlife sanctuary Orang national park according to ultimateungulate this means that the captive-born pygmy hogs will be living in these two locations.

 

There are many dangers to the pygmy hog. One of the main dangers to the pygmy hog is a loss of habitat according to IUCN red list this means that human towns and cities are destroying the pygmy hogs habitat. Another main danger to the pygmy hog is dry season states IUCN red list which means it is hard for the pygmy hog to find food. An additional main danger is the flash floods states IUCN red list this means it is easy for the pygmy hogs to drown or all their food is wiped out.

 

   There are many ways scientists are helping to keep the pygmy hog species alive. One program called the Pygmy Hog Conservation Program (PHCP) is a program helping rebuild the population and habitat of the pygmy hog according to IUCN red list this means that the pygmy hog species may be able to come back.  Another way that scientist is helping the pygmy hog species is a program called the Indian government of forest this means that there are many organizations trying to help revive the pygmy hog species.

 

Captively bred: Species being bred in a lab in hopes of saving the species

 

Conservation: Trying to save a species of animal or plant

 

Cons: A downside

 

Degradation: Slowly getting destroyed

 

Distinct: Different

Endangered: This means that there are very few animals of that species left


Nest: A bed like structure usually built by birds using straw


Statistics: Numbers that tell information

 

Organization: A group of people usually formed to try and help endangered species

 

Vegetation: Plants that are usually grown for food

The Glossary

Image credits:

“India Jungle.” http://abinormal-etherleon.deviantart.com/art/India-Jungle-186505932. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

 

“Pig.” National Geographic "Pig". Web. 23 Mar. 2016.

 

Yan, Mu. “Endangered Earth: Pygmy Hog.” Endangered Earth. Web. 23 Mar. 2016.

 

http://www.sospecies.org, SOSpecies, “Save Our Species - Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme.” sospecies. Web. 23 Mar. 2016.

 

 

“Pygmy Hog Photo - Porcula Salvania - G22200 | ARKive.”ARKive. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

 

“OUR PIGS.” Ranger Pigs. Web. 9 Mar. 2016.

 

 

“A House for the Elusive Pygmy Hog at the Zoo.” The Telegraph. Web. 8 Mar. 2016.

 

“Pygmy Hog - Mammal, Red List Of Endangered Species -RelivEarth.” Web. 8 Mar. 2016.

 

 

Durrell.org. “Reintroduced Pygmy Hogs Thrive a Year after Release | Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust.” Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

 

“Political Map Of India - Munhomeideas.Webcam.”munhomeideas.webcam. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

 

 

Bibliography

Information credits:

http://www.sospecies.org, SOSpecies, “Save Our Species - Pygmy Hog Conservation Programme.” Web. 3 Mar. 2016.

 

“BBC NEWS | Science &Amp; Environment | World's Smallest Pigs 'Thriving'.” Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

  

“CR - Pygmy Hog - Wild Pig Specialist Group.” Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

 

“Pygmy Hog Videos, Photos and Facts - Porcula Salvania | ARKive.” ARKive. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.

 

“Pygmy Hog (Porcula Salvania) - Quick Facts.” Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

 

“Porcula Salvania (Pygmy Hog).” Web. 17 Feb.

 

“Pygmy Hog.” Web. 24 Feb.  

 

 Durrell.org. “Reintroduced Pygmy Hogs Thrive a Year after Release | Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust.” Web. 7 Mar. 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography