Battles Of Lexington And Concord

By Sean Dealy & Jordan Klein

 

 

Introduction.....................................................2

Causes......................................................................3

Begnning...............................................................4

Middle and End................................................5

Effects...................................................................6

Letters...................................................................7

Glossary................................................................8

Index.......................................................................9

Maps..........................................................................10

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Battles of Lexington and Concord took place in, Lexington and Concord. This Battle started the Revolutionary War. There were two battles in Lexington and Concord that made it all happen. The British were ready for battle and had more men, but actually, it is unknown who started the battle. The Patriots had no idea after this. There was going to be a war.

 

There are many causes to the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Some of them are the Sugar act, the Stamp Act, the Tea Act, the Quartering Act, the Intolerable Acts, and the Boston Tea Party. The acts are causes because the acts not only made people angry, but they made people so angry they didn’t want to be part of Britain anymore. These people who wanted to break away were called the Patriots. The acts infuriated them. The Boston Tea party was a cause of Lexington and Concord because when Samuel Adams and other colonists were upset by the Tea Act, they dumped a lot of expensive tea in the Boston Harbor. The British went crazy and felt as if they wanted to pull their hair out of their heads.

 

 

 

Causes

The Beginning

The whole war started because of the British wanting weapons. When Paul Revere heard the British were coming for the weapons in Concord, he wanted to know which way they were coming. So he made a plan. If the British were coming over the river he would light two lanterns, but if they were coming over land he would only light one. In the end he lit two, but after he went through Lexington saying, ¨The British are coming! The British are coming!¨ The Patriots went to Lexington and the British were there. Both sides were ready to fight but one man shot his gun and the war started. Now we call it The Shot Heard Round the World. It is called this because of a poem by Ralph Waldo Emerson. The poem is called Concord Hymn and it said, “By the rude bridge that arched the flood their flag to April’s breeze unfurled here once the embattled farmers stood and fired the shot heard round the world.”  The poem gave that first shot a name, The Shot Heard Round The World. It happened, April 19 1775. This marked the beginning of the revolutionary war and Lexington and Concord.

 

In the Middle and End


In the beginning the shot was fired and everyone was shooting their guns. The Patriots were outnumbered by 77 to 700. There were 623 more British soldiers than Patriots and the Patriots retreated. Then in the middle after the first fight the British went to Concord’s North Bridge, and when the Patriots arrived there were 320-400 men. This time the British were outnumbered because of the last battle. However, this time the Patriots had a strategy. They were going to hide behind anything they could find, things like bushes, trees, houses, and logs. This was later called guerilla warfare, and actually the Patriots established guerilla warfare. Eventually the British retreated and burned down Concord because they couldn’t find the weapons they wanted. The battles were over but the war had just begun.  

There were many effects of the Battles of Lexington and Concord. One main effect is the whole war. The whole war started after this battle and people were not ready for it. Also another effect was 49 deaths and 39 wounded for the Patriots and for the British 73 deaths, and 174 were wounded.

Effects

April 19 1775

 

Dear Mother,

 

I can’t believe that I am fighting and away from you. The Patriots are very bad fighters. They have no tools and their army is made out of regular townspeople. I think I will be home soon with you. I am in Lexington right now and the battle is terrible. I’m afraid of this battle and I want to leave immediately, but I can not. Please tell father I love him.

Love,

Jacob Roth,

your dearest son.

 

 

Letters

 

April 19 1775

Dear Jackson Daily,

 

I miss you so much but this war is very important. Please help the fight for independance! We will win this war because we have a cause,and it’s independance,and we will fight for it! We will die for our rights, and you should join us instead of those Lobster Backs! Tell mother, sister and father I love them dearly, but this is what we have been waiting for.

 

Love, Sean Daily,

your brother.

 

 Boston Tea Party-Samuel Adams and the sons of liberty dumped`342 chests of tea into  the Boston Harbor

Colonist- The people who lived in North America

Concord Hymn- The poem that gave the Shot Heard Round the World its name  

Guerilla Warfare- People hide behind anything they can find and shoot their guns

Intolerable Acts-Many laws made to collect the money from the Boston Tea Party

Lobster Backs- A name the Americans called the British soliders because of their red coats

Patriots-An American group that wanted to break away from England

 Paul Revere- A silversmith who warned the people that the British were coming the night before the battle

Ralph Waldo Emerson- The writer of Concord Hymn

Samuel Adams- A son of liberty, and he started the Boston Tea Party

Shot Heard Round the World- The first shot in the revolutionary war

Stamp Act- A tax on all paper goods (1765)

Sugar Act- An tax on all types  of sugar ( 1764)

 

 

 

 

 

 

GlossAry

 Revolutionary War, 2

Paul Revere, 4

Shot Heard Round the World, 4 

Guerilla Warfare, 5 

Lobster Backs,7

Stamp Act, 3

Suger Act, 3

Intolerable Acts, 3

Boston Tea Party, 3

Ralph Waldo Emerson, 4

Concord Hymn, 4

Samuel Adams, 3

Patriots, 7,6,3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Index

This is a Map of Paul Revere's and William Dawes ride, and it has places where battles took place

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The end