Kimberlee S

Mystery and History: Ancient Egypt


By: Kimberlee S 

Introduction- pg 1


The Land- pgs 2 & 3


Mummies- Pgs 3 & 4


Cleopatra- Pgs 4 & 5


Important Dates- Pg 6


Rosetta Stone- Pg  7


Glossary- Pg 8


Bibliography= Pg 9

Table Of Contents 

Kimberlee S


   How do you make a mummy? Who was Cleopatra? What is the Rosetta Stone? Learn these facts, and more, as we delve into the history of Ancient Egypt.     

     You might wonder what the world looks like from a bird's eye view. How about Egypt? If you were looking at a map of the globe, you would zoom into Africa to see Egypt. It's at the Northeastern corner, see? Deserts border it to the East, South, and West.

The Nile Delta as seen from orbit

The Nile River snakes throughout Egypt, just like, well, a giant snake! It comes from central Africa, and travels through Egypt into the Mediterranean Sea.

     The Nile is the Ancient Egyptian's source of life. It grows their crops, provides them with water, and even floods annually to give fertile soil! Very helpful!

    Imagine what it would be like to get mummified -- but you were awake and witnessed all of it.... Unharmed.

    Mummification is a 70 day process. The Egyptians believed that a person needed to be preserved for the afterlife. Only very wealthy people and pharaohs were mummified.



*WARNING!*  If you do not enjoy disgusting things, or learning about them, you may want to skip this next page.


    You wake up to see a few men standing over you. One is holding a rag. The other is holding a tub of a white substance, called natron. They begin to wash your body with it, drying it out.

    After this process, they carefully slice your side open, and remove your organs, leaving your heart in place. They place them in special jars with heads that look like gods, called Canopic Jars. They put a hook up your nose, and pull out your brains! Gross!

    You are covered and stuffed with herbs, and left to sit for 40 days. After this long wait, you are wrapped in a linen cloth and placed in a coffin, which is then placed in a tomb. Mummification! Success!


    I bet you've heard this name before! Cleopatra was the pharaoh from 51 B.C.E to 30 B.C.E. She was the 7th queen with this name! Imagine if they all were alive at the same time! Cleopatra was also the last ruler to hold the title of pharaoh.

    Cleopatra was a member of a royal dynasty called the ptolemies. This dynasty wasn't actually Egyptian, they were Greek, and took over Egypt for 300 years!

    Cleopatra's brother took over the throne in 49 B.C.E. Julius Ceaser, a man from Rome, met Cleopatra and fell in love with her. Ceaser helped Cleopatra overthrow her brother and regain her throne.

    A while later, in 32 B.C.E, Cleopatra met Mark Antony, another powerful man in Rome, and they fell in love. Octavian, yet another Roman, disagreed with this majorly. He didn't want Cleopatra trying to rule Rome as well as Egypt!

    Mark Antony, due to the pressure of the situation, commited suicide, as did Cleopatra. Cleopatra was beleived to have killed herself with an Asp, a poisonous snake.

Important Dates 

    The Early Dynastic period- (2950-2575) Lasted from dynasties 1 through 3. The very first pyramid was built.


    The Old Kingdom- (2575-2150 B.C.E) Lasted from dynasites 4 through 7. The Sphinx was built and Sun God is re-prominent.


    The New Kingdom- (1520-1075 B.C.E) Lasted from dynasites 18 through 20. It was the greatest time of prosperity, Pharaohs conqured the most land during this time. The Egyptian Empire was at its strongest.

    No, Rosetta Stone isn't a person! Believe it or not, this is exactly what it says! A stone! It was discovered in 1799 near Rosetta, a city close to Egypt. On the stone, a decree is written about Ephiphanes, king of Egypt from 205 B.C.E to 180. The top inscription is written in Egyptian hieroglyphics. The middle inscription is written in Demotic, and the bottom is written in Greek.

    Jean Francois Champollion used the Greek writing to solve the riddle of Egyptian language, recognizing similar symbols in the greek language as in the hieroglyphics. This helped widen our discovories of Egypt!

Rosetta Stone


Natron- A substance, used in mummification, composed of sodium, that is used to dry out the body.


Canopic Jars-  The religeous jars that Egyptians used to store the mummified people's organs. 


Dynasty- A family group of rulers.


Demotic- The commonly used Egyptian language.


Prominent- Important; Famous


"Teeter, Emily. "Mummy." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.

"BrainPOP - Mummies - Movie." BrainPOP. © 1999–2014 BrainPOP and Related Companies., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"BrainPOP - Cleopatra - Movie." BrainPOP. © 1999–2014 BrainPOP and Related Companies, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

Ritner, Robert K. "Cleopatra." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.

Lesko, Leonard H. "Rosetta stone." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 8 Dec. 2014.

"Rosetta Stone." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2014. Web. 8 Dec. 2014

Ikram, Salima. "Egypt, Ancient." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.

"Ancient Egypt.” History for Kids: World and US Social Studies. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Dec. 2014.

“Ancient Egyptian History for Kids: Timeline." Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Dec. 2014. Web. 9 Dec. 2014

Kallerna. The Sphinx and Pyramid of Khafre. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., 2010. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

Att309. Chichen Itza Pyramid.jpg. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec.

Descloitres, Jacques. Nile River and Delta from Orbit.jpg. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d.

NASA Earth Observatory/Suomi NPP. The Nile River Valley and Delta.jpg. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

Janmad. Pharaoh Icon.png. Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014. 

Hillewaert, Hans. Rosetta Stone.JPG.Digital image. Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.