Culper Spy Ring



By Gabby


Kogan and


Claire Nam


Introduction: Page 3



How did the Culper Spy Ring Form?: Page 4



Steps to Spying in the Culper Spy Ring: Page 5



 Dangers of Spying: Page 6



 Map/Route of Culper Spy Ring: 7



Letters: Page 8,9



Conclusion: Page 10



Glossary: Page 12



Index: Page 13




Table Of Contents

   When you think “American Revolution,” what’s the first thing


that pops into your mind? The Boston Tea Party? Perhaps,


the Boston Massacre? Maybe even George Washington!


Today, we are going to journey back in time and find out how


America really won the war. Not just with a bunch of battles


and guns lead by some random general. NO. We are going to


start with a group called “The Culper Spy Ring…”



    The Patriots had a problem. How could they get


information from New York City, all the way to Connecticut


without getting caught by the British? For the first part, they 


even thought that simply getting information from British


Troops was critical and most pompously IMPOSSIBLE.


There were even British Forces occupying the city that year.


They were using the patriot’s town as a British Stronghold


and fort, (so there would be no chance of sneaking out of


the city either.) However, young Benjamin Tallmadge - a


captain of the first troop in the Continental Second


Dragoons Army had an answer to this. He gathered a group


of young patriots to form a spy ring in Long Island.This spy


ring soon became the Culper Spy Ring with the code name


Samuel, Culper 


Bonus: Samuel Culper Townsend was the father of Robert Townsend, whom one of the first people to join the Culper Spy Ring.



How did the Culper Spy Ring Form?

   As always, the Patriots needed more help than 5 normal, unprofessional townsfolk. If they


were going to get information from the British Generals to George Washington, they would


most certainly need a plan and more spies. Benjamin Tallmadge (the culper spy ring’s first


member) devised an action point that would guarantee the Culper Spy Ring not to get


caught. The strategy, started with a man named Robert Townsend; he posed as a loyalist


journalist so he could get information from the British Generals at his family's coffee shop.


Next, a man named Austin Roe rode his horse into the shop pretending to look for a drink.


Roe and Townsend go into the back of the shop and exchange information. Then, Roe


mounts his horse and rides over to Abraham Woodhull’s farm. He drops the message into a


secret dropbox for Woodhull to retrieve. Meanwhile, Anna Strong represents where Caleb


Brewster is hiding, using her “drying” laundry. Afterwards, Woodhull uses the laundry signal


to find Brewster and bring the information to him. Finally, Caleb sails to Connecticut and


passes the information to George Washington, who uses the spy information to be aware


when battles would occur, where they would occur, and how to prevent them. As you can


see, these are the steps and participants who took part in the Culper Spy Ring. 


Steps to Spying in The


     Culper Spy Ring


   Even though you may not think it, but the Culper Spy Ring would’ve been very lucky if they


were caught in prison after sneaking information to the patriots. Most loyalists, (or British


Troops) would have punished with interrogation then death, rather than interrogation and


prison. For example, Nathan Hale, disguised as an outsider British General, was caught


stealing battle plans from a British troop. Loyalists tried to pry information and secrets out


of him by threatening to hang and tar him, but Hale loyally refused. He was ultimately


punished with a death that was known to be outrageous (before anyone got any information


out of him.)


Bonus: The Culper Spy Ring lasted 5 years through the American Revolution before they got caught by King George’s own army.

 Dangers in Spying


This map shows the route (red line) of the Culper Spy Ring starting from


New York City to west of Connecticut (George Washington’s





Map/Route of the


Culper Spy Ring

Dear Belle,                                                          January 21st, 1776   


I know that the war is long and hard, and that you want the war to end


soon. Like you, I hope that our family and friends are safe. I certainly


don’t appreciate all the fighting and I hope that both sides will settle


to a peaceful agreement. I’m not afraid to say it, but this war is


getting out of hand, the loyalists are being about as smart as a grain


of rice! We can all help each other like, in the war like the time when


we helped the patriots of Massachusetts - but now its seems like


we’re going back to the independent 13 colonies. Fortunately, my


mother says that she has a plan to make things work again. The king


is being incredibly selfish, but we all still have the hope to win (and we




                                                                                                                    Your hopeful cousin,

                                                                                                          Margaret Strong




Dear Angus,            January 16, 1776


  The patriots are being outrageous! Somehow, they found out a way to


recover our battle plans - such betrayal to the king! I am counting on


you to find out how! I hope you are doing well with our family, son. I’ll


see you soon after my army teaches those monstrous patriots a


lesson. Hopefully we’ll end the war (by winning it!) so I can come home


soon. Say hello to your mother and Mary for me!


Your father,



Page 2 of Letters


     As you can see, the Culper Spy Ring was a cooperation that retrieved


important and useful information from the British to the Patriots. Who


knows? Maybe the patriots won the war just because this small band of


loyal people! Like the great George Washington said, “When you have


confidence, you can have a lot of fun. When you have fun, you can do  amazing






Action Point: An important plan or scheme.


Devised: to contrive, plan, or elaborate; invent from existing principles or ideas


Participants: a person who takes part in something.


Pompously: characterized by an ostentatious display of dignity or importance


Tar: A dark, thick, flammable liquid distilled from wood or coal. It is used in road making and for coating and preserving timber.


Benjamin Tallmadge -  page(s) 3,4,5


Connecticut - page(s) 4,5


Culper Spy Ring - page(s) 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10


George Washington - page(s) 3,5,6


Nathan Hale - page(s) 6