Culper Spy Ring

 

 

By Gabby

 

Kogan and

 

Claire Nam

 

Introduction: Page 3

 

 

How did the Culper Spy Ring Form?: Page 4

 

 

Steps to Spying in the Culper Spy Ring: Page 5

 

 

 Dangers of Spying: Page 6

 

 

 Map/Route of Culper Spy Ring: 7

 

 

Letters: Page 8,9

 

 

Conclusion: Page 10

 

 

Glossary: Page 12

 

 

Index: Page 13

 

 

 

Table Of Contents

   When you think “American Revolution,” what’s the first thing

 

that pops into your mind? The Boston Tea Party? Perhaps,

 

the Boston Massacre? Maybe even George Washington!

 

Today, we are going to journey back in time and find out how

 

America really won the war. Not just with a bunch of battles

 

and guns lead by some random general. NO. We are going to

 

start with a group called “The Culper Spy Ring…”

 




Introduction

    The Patriots had a problem. How could they get

 

information from New York City, all the way to Connecticut

 

without getting caught by the British? For the first part, they 

 

even thought that simply getting information from British

 

Troops was critical and most pompously IMPOSSIBLE.

 

There were even British Forces occupying the city that year.

 

They were using the patriot’s town as a British Stronghold

 

and fort, (so there would be no chance of sneaking out of

 

the city either.) However, young Benjamin Tallmadge - a

 

captain of the first troop in the Continental Second

 

Dragoons Army had an answer to this. He gathered a group

 

of young patriots to form a spy ring in Long Island.This spy

 

ring soon became the Culper Spy Ring with the code name

 

Samuel, Culper 

 

Bonus: Samuel Culper Townsend was the father of Robert Townsend, whom one of the first people to join the Culper Spy Ring.

 

 

How did the Culper Spy Ring Form?

   As always, the Patriots needed more help than 5 normal, unprofessional townsfolk. If they

   

were going to get information from the British Generals to George Washington, they would

 

most certainly need a plan and more spies. Benjamin Tallmadge (the culper spy ring’s first

 

member) devised an action point that would guarantee the Culper Spy Ring not to get

 

caught. The strategy, started with a man named Robert Townsend; he posed as a loyalist

 

journalist so he could get information from the British Generals at his family's coffee shop.

 

Next, a man named Austin Roe rode his horse into the shop pretending to look for a drink.

 

Roe and Townsend go into the back of the shop and exchange information. Then, Roe

 

mounts his horse and rides over to Abraham Woodhull’s farm. He drops the message into a

 

secret dropbox for Woodhull to retrieve. Meanwhile, Anna Strong represents where Caleb

 

Brewster is hiding, using her “drying” laundry. Afterwards, Woodhull uses the laundry signal

 

to find Brewster and bring the information to him. Finally, Caleb sails to Connecticut and

 

passes the information to George Washington, who uses the spy information to be aware

 

when battles would occur, where they would occur, and how to prevent them. As you can

 

see, these are the steps and participants who took part in the Culper Spy Ring. 

 

Steps to Spying in The

 

     Culper Spy Ring

 

   Even though you may not think it, but the Culper Spy Ring would’ve been very lucky if they

 

were caught in prison after sneaking information to the patriots. Most loyalists, (or British

 

Troops) would have punished with interrogation then death, rather than interrogation and

 

prison. For example, Nathan Hale, disguised as an outsider British General, was caught

 

stealing battle plans from a British troop. Loyalists tried to pry information and secrets out

 

of him by threatening to hang and tar him, but Hale loyally refused. He was ultimately

 

punished with a death that was known to be outrageous (before anyone got any information

 

out of him.)

 

Bonus: The Culper Spy Ring lasted 5 years through the American Revolution before they got caught by King George’s own army.

 Dangers in Spying

 

This map shows the route (red line) of the Culper Spy Ring starting from

 

New York City to west of Connecticut (George Washington’s

 

Headquarters.)

 

 

Map/Route of the

 

Culper Spy Ring

Dear Belle,                                                          January 21st, 1776   

 

I know that the war is long and hard, and that you want the war to end

 

soon. Like you, I hope that our family and friends are safe. I certainly

 

don’t appreciate all the fighting and I hope that both sides will settle

 

to a peaceful agreement. I’m not afraid to say it, but this war is

 

getting out of hand, the loyalists are being about as smart as a grain

 

of rice! We can all help each other like, in the war like the time when

 

we helped the patriots of Massachusetts - but now its seems like

 

we’re going back to the independent 13 colonies. Fortunately, my

 

mother says that she has a plan to make things work again. The king

 

is being incredibly selfish, but we all still have the hope to win (and we

 

will!)

 

                                                                                                                    Your hopeful cousin,

                                                                                                          Margaret Strong

 

 

Letters

Dear Angus,            January 16, 1776

 

  The patriots are being outrageous! Somehow, they found out a way to

 

recover our battle plans - such betrayal to the king! I am counting on

 

you to find out how! I hope you are doing well with our family, son. I’ll

 

see you soon after my army teaches those monstrous patriots a

 

lesson. Hopefully we’ll end the war (by winning it!) so I can come home

 

soon. Say hello to your mother and Mary for me!

 

Your father,

          Conall

 

Page 2 of Letters

         

     As you can see, the Culper Spy Ring was a cooperation that retrieved

 

important and useful information from the British to the Patriots. Who

 

knows? Maybe the patriots won the war just because this small band of

 

loyal people! Like the great George Washington said, “When you have

 

confidence, you can have a lot of fun. When you have fun, you can do  amazing

 

things.

 

\

Conclusion

Action Point: An important plan or scheme.

 

Devised: to contrive, plan, or elaborate; invent from existing principles or ideas

 

Participants: a person who takes part in something.

 

Pompously: characterized by an ostentatious display of dignity or importance

 

Tar: A dark, thick, flammable liquid distilled from wood or coal. It is used in road making and for coating and preserving timber.

Glossary

Benjamin Tallmadge -  page(s) 3,4,5

 

Connecticut - page(s) 4,5

 

Culper Spy Ring - page(s) 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10

 

George Washington - page(s) 3,5,6

 

Nathan Hale - page(s) 6

Index