The life story of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

The Man who Saved India 

By Rohit Mathew 






           There was a man who was huge in some parts of Africa and all over India during the 1900’s, his name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was a moral cultural and political leader. He helped indians who faced mutiny when the british took over. He helped them by using a unique or rare method of nonviolent resistance. He had great moral strength.



Gandhi is born 



           Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in 1869, October 2nd. His family moved to Rajkot in Gujarat when he was only seven years old. Gandhi attended an all boys school there. His parents were Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi. Gandhi lived in very rich family who was less educated than he was was. Still at the age of seven his father became Dewan or prime minister. He was member of a hindu family, which meant he wasn’t allowed to eat or drink meat and wine or any other forbidden things in his life. Gandhi was so loyal to this even when he was small, his brothers tried to offer meat, but he would say no.  


 Gandhi at the age of seven  

Karamchand Gandhi

Gandhi as a babe with his mother 


          In 1885 Gandhi's father died. He was only sixteen when this horrible tragedy happened. He was truly devastated. 3 Years later in 1888 Gandhi's first child was to be born. His name was Harilal Ghandi, first of the five sons. During Sept. 4 1888 Gandhi goes and begin to study at the University College London. During his time in college he studies Indian law and joins the Vegetarian Society.




          His schooling continued and his life was pretty much the same until 1882. In 1883 a year later, young Gandhi at an age of 13 had a very special day, it was his marriage to a girl named Kasturba Makhanji a girl about the same age. Kasturba had no schooling, but, like Gandhi, lived in cozy circumstances.



Gandhi and Kasturba at young ages

          He became a lawyer and returned to India at the age of 21 in 1891, a few months after his mother, Putlibai Gandhi, died in January. 2 years later, Gandhi went to South Africa in 1893 to work for a muslim indian law firm. The muslim indiam law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawers to engage the practice of law. Like how Gandhi studied law he started this type of law firm.  During 1896 Gandhi publishes “The Green Pamphlet”.


         There was a green background put on the cover to match the title and was formerly, The Grievances of the British Indians in South Africa: An Appeal to the Indian Public.  He wrote mostly about discrimination. The document was an anti-government document which began to suspect Gandhi as a troublemaker. Now the doucument has lost its color and now looks brown instead of green. 


Putilbai Gandhi 

The Green Pamphlet and the Trip To South Africa

The Green Pamphlet  


          In South Africa, Gandhi is refused to enter, during December 1896.When he realized that he was going to stay in Africa, he went back to Bombay so he can bring his family. In September 1906 Gandhi asks the the Indian community of  South Africa to refuse to comply with Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act. The act of the Transvaal Colony that was an extension of pass laws specially aimed at the Asians (Indian and Chinese). 

          Every male asian during the act had to put in and produce an on demand thumb printed certificate of identity. Unregistered people and prohibited immigrants could be deported without a right of appeal or fined on the spot if they fail to comply with the Act.  In Sept. 11 a mass meeting of indians at the Empire theater Johannesburg demanded a withdrawal of a pass bill, that warned indians who would resort to resistance if ordinance became law.

 The Empire Theater at Johannesburg

 The Satyagraha


          During 1908 Gandhi was arrested for the first time because he failed to register or to leave the Transvaal Act and was sentenced to whole months simple imprisonment. He would write poems and and write notes about peoples future.






          If the registration was appealed Gandhi would agree to a settlement on a basis of voluntary registration.. He was formerly released from prison without any objection. He was truly happy.


          This meeting at the theater led to the Satyagraha or a policy of passive political existence of Ghandi.The British Indian Assoc. sended Ghandi., H.O. Ally as a deputation to England to withdraw ordinance. When Gandhi reached London, He visited J.H. Polak and stayed with him for a day.



         In 1909 January 10th, Doctor Nanji operated on Kasturba, who was been seriously ill for 3 months straight in Durban. While Kasturba was sick Gandhi attended on her.


          When Gandhi was on his way to Johannesburg he was arrested at Volksrust for failing to accomplish a registration certificate. He was deported and then escorted to the border. Then he came back and then rearrested! The really good thing is that he went on bail.


          In March 1913 in South Africa there was a test case that the Supreme Court ruled that Hindu, Muslim, and Parsi marriages were unreasonable. Indian wives in effect concubines without status, liable to deportation and the children Illegitimate.








          Gandhi was against this because his wife would also be deported as well. In 1913 Gandhi is given the "MAHATMA" title. Rabindranath Tagore an Indian poet and a nobel Laureate, refers to Gandhi as the Mahatma or the "Great Soul".  




Rabindranat Tagore

          2 years later, in 1915, Gandhi returned to India, landing in Bombay, where he was greeted as the hero of Indian struggles in South Africa. After his success in South Africa when he returned to India his temporary job of being a lawyer, surprisingly turned out to be a 20 year campaign for human dignity.


          The biggest textile manufacture,Vikram Sarabhai seemed to welcome Gandhi's intercession. Gandhi also being called the Mahatma was also addressed by Gandhiji.







          Being another scary arrangement for attribution, negotiations broke down and work stoppages blew up. The workers were seeking 50% interest, but the owners only offered 20% interest. Gandhi had a proposal of 35% to make it fair but the owners balked and on February 22nd 1918, they declared a lockout. The lockout was when the the owners of the each factory locked out the workers from the factories. In 1922 Gandhi was jailed for the 3rd time by the british because of his civil disobedience.


Vikram Sarabhai 

          8 years later in January 26th 1930, Gandhi publishes the Declaration of Independence of India from Great Britain. Having returned to India as a hero in 1915, Gandhi leads the Movement to break away from Great Britain. When Gandhi publishes the Declaration of Independence of India he was representing the Indian National Congress, and he makes care for Indian Independence.


This photo is Gandhi about to sign the Purna Swaraj (Declaration of Independence of India)

          In March 1930 Gandhi leads the Salt March in India. Forced to buy Salt only from Britain, Gandhi protests the monopoly by leading the Salt March or Dandi March from Sabarmati to the Arabian Sea, 240 miles away.


          After the Dandi March, It was sad date for everybody but mostly for Gandhi. It was 1944, February 22nd, Kasturba Gandhi died. This was a famous quote from her, when people say that "you are going to get better," her final words were, "No, My time is up." In August 1947, Great Britain granted India and Pakistan their Independence.


The Salt March 

This map is the route from Sabarmati to the Arabian sea or Dandi  

          Calling it the "Noblest Act of The Britain nation", Gandhi celebrates India's Independence from England. In the winter of January 30th, 1948 the saddest date for all the Indians, Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi at the age of 78. He was shot in the head by Nathuram Vinayak Godse a hindu nationalist. He shot him in the chest three times at point black range. The extraordinary thing happened that same year, Gandhi's son, Harilal died but at the age of 60.


Nathuram Vinayak Godse is being blessed by Gandhi before killing him 

         Gandhi is a man who had taken the leading role in spearheading the campaign for independence from Britain. Hailed the partition of the sub-continent into separate independent states of India and Pakistan. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was burned at Rajkot and associated memorials, New Delhi India. Gandhi is known as the "Father of the Nation" (राष्ट्र के पिता). [rashtra ke pita].


Father of the Nation


 Gandhi's Parents

          Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1822 also known as Kaba Gandhi, who was an important figure in Porbandar. He beacme Dewan or prime minister, that's why he was an importatnt figure. Karamchand was married 3 times! All those three wives died of diseases or old age. But when he was married at 40 years at age he married a beautiful girl named Putilbai. She was a clever and wise woman. The marrige was blessed with 3 sons and one daughter. 

          Rajkot is the fourth largest city in the state of GujaratIndia. Rajkot is also the 22nd-fastest-growing city in the world.  The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari rivers. Rajkot was the capital of the Saurashtra State from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956, before its combonation with Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was reincorporated into Gujarat State from 1 May 1960.


Rajkot Backround 

          Harilal Mohandes Gandhi was the first son of the Mohandes family, he was born in 1888. When Harilai was older he wanted to go to England for higher studies and hoped to become a barrister as his father once been. Harilal married to Gulab Gandhi and they had five children, two of whom died at an early age. Nilam Parikh, the daughter of Ramibehn, who was the eldest of Harilal's children.

Harilal Gandhi-First of the Five Sons 



Mutiny-rebellion against any authority


Nonviolent Resistances- the practice of achieving goals such as social change through symbolic protests without using violence


Formerly- in the past; in earlier times


Discrimination- the treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing


Comply- (of a person or group) act in accordance with a wish or command


Immigrant- a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country


Deported- expel (a foreigner) from a country 


Ordinance- a piece of legislation enacted by a municipal authority


Concubine-  a woman who lives with a man but has lower status than his wife or wives


Illegitimate- born of parents who are not married to each other; born out of wedlock


Nobel Laureate- someone who has won a noble peace prize


Intercession- an interposing or pleading on behalf of another person


Balk- to stop, as at an obstacle, and refuse to proceed or to do something specified 


Monopoly-exclusive control of a commodity or control that makes possible the manipulation of prices






Gandhi's Famous Quotes and Video

   We should all remember         Mahatma Gandhi