By: Robbie Sellman 

 Ancient Egyptian Engineering

 

Table Of Contents 

 

Pg.1..............................Introduction 

 

Pg.2 .......Engineering and Inventions 

 

Pg.3........................Eygptian Pyramids 

 

Pg.4.......................Eygptain Charriots 

 

Pg.5.......................About the Author

 

Pg.6..............................Bibliography

Think of building a 20 story pyramid with 20,000 men, copper tools, and only two ton blocks! The first pillars, the Great Pyramids, and a system of canals that worked as a highway. These are just some of the inventions ancient Egyptians had before Romans were living in mud huts.

Introduction

 

Engineering, today you need a degree and all the proper credentials. In Ancient Egypt all you needed was to be good at your job and for the pharaoh to like you. Ancient Egyptians engineers were extremely integral in the construction of the pyramids. They also invented amazing things such as canals that allowed you to travel almost anywhere in a city. There chariots had shock absorbers, build dams that helped back thousands of tons of water.

They faced many challenges with sand and earthquakes, but had all the slaves, time, and money they needed. They were the first to develop sails which could be used in there canal systems. The dams considered of a 15 foot tall wall 80 feet at the base and 40 feet and the top there was another 60 feet away with rubble in the middle. In Memphis there was a damn around the entire city that was 49 feet tall. They had amazing enjanety for example the kopish was a gardening tool that became their best close combat weapon.

Engineers

 and

Inventions 

Another example of there enjoy is the pyramids. Pyramids in Ancient Egypt were used as tombs for the pharaohs. They would spend three years as pharaoh not only expanding their land, and things. They would use their power to create lavish graves to spend their time in the Afterlife.

They started out as large mud brick hills. Soon pharaohs build large step pyramids with 8 blocks on average, reaching 20 stories high.

Snefru was the first pharaoh to make “classic pyramid”. He took a step pyramid and filled all the steps with smaller blocks. After all the sides were filled in he had the men working on it cover it with a paste of white limestone powder and water. When it finished dried it would have looked like a white prism relatively perfect on every side. The prism represented the sun “small’ at the source, but spread out far.

Engineering

the

Pryminds  

Far away from Egypt chariots had been invented. Invented in South Russia, slowly they made their way south. Egyptians believed that they needed to get chariots of their own to truly combat on the world scale. Final thousands of years after the Pyramid of Giza they started making chariots of their own. Soon they were making adjustments, one of the first adjustments were moving the axle to the back to give it a smoother ride. The spocks also made the ride unstable.

There was originally four but in between they would be weaker and it would flex down they up on the spocks. They tried eight spocks but that weighed it down too much, six ended up being the magic number. The joint that was above the axle was square which would have helped keep it in place, the joint was also left loose so that it could flex taking most of the bounce away. The builders used ash and elm (imported woods) for the chariot.

The Egyptians did not have horses for most of the empire but around the time of chariots they became domesticated horses. The horse they did have would be about 14 hands tall (140 cm.) Scientists guess that they averaged 24 miles an hour (the chariot) with a jockey going 27 miles an hour that is pretty fast.

We believe that would attack in and ellipse pattern running in firing arrows at about 30 yards away, they would keep firing until about 5 yards out make a sharp turn then keep firing (backwards). Turn around again and repeat.

Egyptain Chariots  

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Macaulay, David. Pyramid. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975. Print.

 

 N.p., n.d. Web.

 

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Bibliography

Robbie Sellman, the author of "Egyptain Engineering was born at Stanford hospital on 8/14/2002. He enjoyes nature, playing soccer, and watching documentaries. He lives in Portola Valley, has an amazingly awesome Core teacher Mrs. Falzon. She always leaves you speechless and dumbfounded.

About the Author