Interpretation of The Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union, as related to chapter readings and information about the South Carolina secession.

flip to next page Vonice Berry History 7A Professor Lubisich December 10, 2015 Document Interpretation 6: Popular Sovereignty, Sherman's March to the Sea South Carolina Declaration of the Causes of Secessions The Northwest Ordinance of 17871 was a major achievement of the Confederation that involved important elements: “A bill of rights guaranteed the settlers the right to trial by jury, freedom of religion, and due process of law. The act also outlawed slavery, which freed the future states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin from the curse of human bondage.”2 The shaping of the United States Constitution also took place in 1787. Overtime, expansionism among the states became necessary due to population increase, economic development, and the greater desire for personal wealth and land ownership. According to our American Stories text, the Manifest Destiny supported territorial expansion, and people felt that the United States should be made up of the entire continent of North America—Canada and Mexico included.3 Now mind you, slavery had been abolished in the territory of Mexico since 1829.4 According to Bender’s A Nation among Nations, “The new territories, if slave, would greatly enhance the 1. "Northwest Ordinance; July 13, 1787." http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/nworder.asp. 2. Brands, et al. (2015), 144. 3. Ibid., 296. 4. PBS. "Slavery and the Making of America: Timeline." http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1829.html.
flip to next page  Vonice Berry History 7A Professor Lubisich December 10, 2015 Document Interpretation 6  Popular Soverei...
back flip to next page Berry 2 political clout of the southern planters, who seemed to be pressing for a national ratification of their ‘peculiar institution.’ ”5 Remember: cotton farming increased and the need for more land became essential because cotton crops were bad for the land. After the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), these expansions brought up concerns about how laws should be recognized within newly acquired states. The Constitution did not establish whether or not slavery would be permitted in these new territories, and since the federal government could not just ignore slavery laws, this was a primary concern among free and slave states.6 The Compromise of 1850 declared California a free state. Meanwhile, the Fugitive Slave Law was passed, and though this law pacified southern slaveholding states—because it helped slaveowners get their runaway slaves back—it also concerned anti-slavery Northerners. For instance, slave catchers started kidnapping free blacks. No black person was safe under this law.7 These were just some of the pre-Civil War conflicts between the North and South. The Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union8 is mainly saying that certain items were specified in agreement to the terms in the Constitution. However, certain states (specifically, the 14 states referred to in the document) have not kept their held up to their part of the agreement. The Fugitive Slave Clause (Section 2)9 and the New States Clause (Section 3)10 in Article 4 of the 5. Bender, A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History. (2006), 117. 6. Brands, et al., American Stories: A History of the United States. (2015), 311-313. 7. Ibid., 315. 8. "Confederate States of America - Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union." December 24, 1860. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/csa_scarsec.asp. 9. "Fugitive Slave Clause." September 18, 1850. http://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/4/essays/124/fugitive-slave-clause.
back  flip to next page  Berry 2 political clout of the southern planters, who seemed to be pressing for a national ratifi...
back flip to next page Berry 3 Constitution were included in the agreements. The “property” described in this document is referring to slaves. These were just some of the pre-Civil War conflicts between the North and South. But let’s be clear, the Civil War wasn’t really all about the maltreatment of blacks, but more so, political and economic power. Slavery didn’t hold any value to the North’s industrial wage system (basically another kind of slavery). All in all, the document discusses how South Carolina removed itself from the Union after election of Abraham Lincoln. South Carolina was the first state to implement secessionism. As a result, the Confederate States of America were formed.11 The Charleston Massacre in Charleston, South Carolina on June 17, 201512 prompts controversy about the flying of the Confederate flag today.13 10. "New States Clause." 1787. http://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/4/essays/125/new-states-clause. 11. Brands, et al., 334. 12. Epatko. Everything we know about the Charleston church shooting. June 18, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/police-release-photo-suspect-charleston-churchshooting/. 13. Costa-Roberts. 8 things you didn’t know about the Confederate flag. June 21, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/8-things-didnt-know-confederate-flag/.
back  flip to next page  Berry 3 Constitution were included in the agreements. The    property    described in this docume...
back Berry 4 References Bender, Thomas. A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2006. Brands, H.W., T.H. Breen, Hal R. Williams, and Ariela J. Gross. American Stories: A History of the United States. 3rd. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc., 2015. Committee of Detail. "New States Clause." The Heritage Guide to The Constitution. 1787. http://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/4/essays/125/new-states-clause (accessed December 10, 2015). Costa-Roberts, Daniel. 8 things you didn’t know about the Confederate flag. June 21, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/8-things-didnt-know-confederate-flag/ (accessed December 20, 2015). Dane, Nathan, and Rufus King. "Northwest Ordinance; July 13, 1787." Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Law Library: The Avalon Project. July 1787, 1787. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/nworder.asp (accessed December 10, 2015). Epatko, Larisa. Everything we know about the Charleston church shooting. June 18, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/police-release-photo-suspect-charleston-churchshooting/ (accessed December 10, 2015). Mason, James Murray. "Fugitive Slave Clause." The Heritage Guide to The Constitution. September 18, 1850. http://www.heritage.org/constitution/#!/articles/4/essays/124/fugitive-slave-clause (accessed December 10, 2015). Memminger, Christopher. "Confederate States of America - Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union." Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Law Library: The Avalon Project. December 24, 1860. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/csa_scarsec.asp (accessed December 10, 2015). PBS. "Slavery and the Making of America: Timeline." PBS.org. 2004. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1829.html (accessed December 10, 2015).
back  Berry 4 References Bender, Thomas. A Nation Among Nations  America s Place in World History. New York  Hill and Wang...