Table of Contents

Chapter 2: Diet/Habitat pg. 10-16

Chapter 3: Endangered pg. 17-23

Introduction/Dedication pg. 3

Chapter 1: Early Life pg. 4-9

Glossary: pg. 24

Dedication and Intro

 

I dedicate this book to a few people. They are Mrs. Frassetto, my family, and the Australian Koala Foundation. I especially dedicated this book to Mrs. Frassetto because she is the one who helped me create this whole book. Without her, I wouldn’t of been able to create this book. I also dedicated it to my family. I chose them because I know they would love this book! Finally, I chose the Australian Koala Foundation because that is the website that inspired me, and gave me all of my information. That is why I dedicated my book to Mrs. Frassetto, my family, and the Australian Koala Foundation.

Phascolarctos cinereus. Most people don’t know what this animal is unless a scientist is reading this. Does the name Koala ring a bell? Lets hope so because Koalas are endangered. Are koalas endangered? What do they eat and where do they live? What is their early life about? These are all questions that people ask and scientists are actively looking for. Some people mistake koalas for bears. They aren’t even related to bears which is pretty surprising! The koala is related to the kangaroos. Did you know that koalas are becoming endangered, and if it isn’t stopped they will no longer be on this earth--or anywhere else. Anyways, what would a world be like without these fascinating mammals anyway?

 

Early Life 

Pregnancy-Developing-Leaving 

A Koala has a fascinating early life. It takes a lot to survive but before you know it, the koala is moving out from the pouch, to live and start and new life by itself.In this chapter what will be learned is the early life of a koala. In its early life, there is birth, developing, and even leaving the pouch. It may be a quick early life, but is definitely challenging for the mother. Koalas have an incredible early life that everyone should learn about because one day, the koala may not have an early because there won’t be any koalas around.

Opening

A female koala only breeds from October to May. There pregnancy lasts for about 35  days before the baby koala is born. Usually, the mother gives birth to one joey (baby koala) at a time. The baby koala called a “joey” or “cub”. The joey is about two centimeters wide which is the estimated size of a gummy bear candy, and looks almost like a pink jellybean. The Koala is born with no hair, undeveloped ears, and blind eyesight. Eventually, the joey has to find it’s way to the mother’s pouch. It stays there for six months developing, and drinking. Inside the pouch, the joey has yet to get its “good germs” which means it can’t eat eucalyptus leaves or digest them without a germs in their body. It may be gross, but the only way to get the bacteria is to get it from their mother. Once they do get the bacteria they need, they now can eat eucalyptus leaves from their mother, and survive on a diet of milk and leaves.

Koala Pregnancy

Koala Developtment

It takes time for a joey, or koala to develop its life in the pouch, it is constantly developing. Due to not being born with hair, ears, and eyesight, they tuhen develop those things in the pouch, which is a safe way to fully develop all of the parts they need. It takes six months for the koala to fully develop. With 21 days in the pouch, the koala doubles it’s size and look more like a koala. It’s eyes get bigger, there feet now have toes. With 30-35 days in the pouch, you should see a lump when you look at the pouch. That lump will be the koala. If that lump isn't there, you know that something went wrong like something was missing in it’s diet. With 40-50 days in the pouch, the tail should be as long as the joey, and its toes should have nails. there will be an oversized nose, and whiskers growing, the koala should be large enough that it can see in the pouch. Once the joey has been in the pouch for 60-63 days, the koala should be coming out around this time. The koala will be able to see, and is big enough. The koala won’t go on it's own just yet though, it will still be taken care of by its mother.

 

 

As you know, the koala stays in the mother's pouch for about 60 days. After the 60 days, the koala is about done developing and ready to come out. When it comes out, it will be able to hitch rides from its mother hanging on to her front but will soon be able to get rides on her back. After about 30 days when the koala is fully developed, its ready to start exploring on its own. when the koala has been in the real world for 60 days, you'll know it's ready to start living on its own. Its very rare that the koala and mother will see eachother again so leaving its baby could be hard. You’ll hear in some places that the joey won't leave its mother, but the koala will eventually get used to living by itself, finding its own food, and a male to mate with. Before you know it, that kaola that used to be a joey, will soon have its own joey and it will keep going on, and on; it's called reproduction.

 

Living/Where

Growing up to be the perfect koala takes time, and there's many steps but, there are three important steps which birth. That only happens once or twice a year. Theres  developing which is the longest step, and finally, leaving the pouch to live on its own. That one is the biggest step because even though they aren’t humans, it's the time when they are capable of living on their own and it shows they are independent and how well they were born and developed. It's so important to learn about a koala’s early life because maybe there will be ways to help but if the population keeps on decreasing, there will be no early life anymore for the koalas.

Conclusion

Habitat & Diet

Where- Diet- Habitat

Koalas are amazing animals with talented features. I mean, who's isn't talented if you can live in Australia, on the highest trees around, and survive on a diet on only Eucalyptus trees.That is pretty talented! Now, finding out about a koala's habitat, where they live, and what their diet is will be answered but let's just take a minute to stop. If we don't help and stop endangering koalas, they won't be here anymore. People all around the world are taking more and more homes from koalas just to satisfy their own needs. 80% of their homes to be exact! Know one ever thinks twice if they are hurting someone else, as long as it suites theirself. Why are people still cutting down trees if it is hurting someone else?

 

Opening

The Koala’s native spot in Australia because of its great climate and its supply of things. Since they don't live in rainforests, they live in forests. Even though Australia is their native spot, they still have a range of habitats which are the coastal islands, and tall eucalyptus forests to low woodlands inland. Ancestors used to cover most of australia but because of the habitat destruction, there isn’t as many koalas left. Now koalas mostly live in the states of Queensland, New south Wales and Victoria. Also koalas have been seen in smaller population groups around  offshore island groups of Kangaroo, Phillip, and French Island as well as mainland Adelaide region along the Murray River. Koalas live in tropical places with lots of eucalyptus leaves. Approximately 80% of the koalas habitat  has been destroyed for human needs. For example, houses, roads or buildings and more. When a koala's habitat is destroyed, it has a huge affect on koalas lifestyle. For example when koalas homes get destroyed they lose their food source, there homes and even their family.

 

Where is their Habitat?

 It may sound impossible, but Koalas survive on a diet of only Eucalyptus leaves (also known as gum leaves). Eucalyptus leaves are incredible tough to break through but only koalas have the talent to break through and digest them. Its is true though, Eucalyptus leaves are poisonous and even deadly to other animals beside koalas, and incredibly tough to digest them. That's why koalas have a strong incredible digestive system. Their digestive organ called a caecum, is very long. The caecum contains bacteria which breaks down the fibre into substances which are easier for the koala to absorb although, the koala still only absorbs 25% of the fibre eaten. Koalas are herbivores, so they only eat plants, and the plant is the Eucalyptus leaves. Some people believe that koalas “get drunk” from Eucalyptus leaves, but that's not true! Koalas are always sleeping because there is a tiny amount of protein in Eucalyptus leaves and sleeping is the best way to conserve their energy. They eat 1kg. of Eucalyptus leaves a day which is about two pounds. Koalas also don't even need to drink water because Eucalyptus leaves contain the water they need. Koalas are very picky eaters but have a few favorite kinds of Eucalyptus leaves. They are Blue Gum, Swamp Gum, Grey Gum, and Tallowwood. Something that is interesting is that koalas mostly eat at night. This is because they are more active at night. It does sound impossible, but koalas can survive on a deadly plant to others.

 

Diet

 It may sound impossible, but Koalas survive on a diet of only Eucalyptus leaves (also known as gum leaves). Eucalyptus leaves are incredible tough to break through but only koalas have the talent to break through and digest them. Its is true though, Eucalyptus leaves are poisonous and even deadly to other animals beside koalas, and incredibly tough to digest them. That's why koalas have a strong incredible digestive system. Their digestive organ called a caecum, is very long. The caecum contains bacteria which breaks down the fibre into substances which are easier for the koala to absorb although, the koala still only absorbs 25% of the fibre eaten. Koalas are herbivores, so they only eat plants, and the plant is the Eucalyptus leaves. Some people believe that koalas “get drunk” from Eucalyptus leaves, but that's not true! Koalas are always sleeping because there is a tiny amount of protein in Eucalyptus leaves and sleeping is the best way to conserve their energy. They eat 1kg. of Eucalyptus leaves a day which is about two pounds. Koalas also don't even need to drink water because Eucalyptus leaves contain the water they need. Koalas are very picky eaters but have a few favorite kinds of Eucalyptus leaves. They are Blue Gum, Swamp Gum, Grey Gum, and Tallowwood. Something that is interesting is that koalas mostly eat at night. This is because they are more active at night. It does sound impossible, but koalas can survive on a deadly plant to others.

 

Habitat

Koalas are unique creatures with amazing talent. They have so many things special about them that it would take up five whole pages. Here are three talents, diet, habitat and living/where. Koalas are able to survive an eucalyptus leaves when not other animals can. They can live up in trees and they take care of their family. Koalas are an important way of human life. If it were not for koalas human technology might not be as advanced as it is today. Why are humans destroying koalas homes? It is their need for more technology and advancement. That it what is threatening koalas. Koalas used to live all around Australia but now they are forced to live together in a small area of Australia because of human need and selfishness. Let's stop that today and make sure koalas can thrive again like they did before.

Conclusion

Endangered

Koalas

 

Are koalas are endangered- How to help- Population gone wrong 

"Koalas Saved"

Did you know that Koalas endangered, or that we can help, and their population is decreasing from the diseases? These are questions that scientists have found answers to. Each question has an explanation, it just takes time to find it. It's Important to learn about koalas and how they are endangered because if we don’t put a stop to it now, they will soon be gone forever. This is why I clearly state that it's important to learn and help the endangered Koalas.

Opening

Are Koalas Endangered?

Are koalas endangered? Well, they are “critically endangered”, which means a couple of thing. Koalas are becoming endangered mostly from humans, which is incredibly horrible. Humans have caused destruction to their habitat and ruined most of it. Besides their habitat loss, they are running out of their one source of food which are the Eucalyptus Trees (also known as gum trees). Those trees are being knocked down, and the koalas are running out of food to eat. Another reason they are becoming endangered is because of losing their lives on the roads. While travelling, careless drivers run over the koalas. Also a baby koala (joey) is sometimes attacked by cats or dogs at night. Koalas are becoming more, and more endangered and will soon be extinct if we don’t do something!

Whether you’re a neighbor to the koalas, or even countries away from them, there is a way to help in times like this. If you live in the regions of koalas, you can help in several different ways. First, you should start of by changing some things like keeping your pets inside at night. This way, the the pets won't kill and/or hurt baby koalas. Also, plant koala trees. By planting Gum Trees, koalas will have more trees to eat from. Another easy way to help is by attaching a rope to a tree above a pool. This way, when a koala is drowning in a pool, there is a way to get out. If you live far away, there are just as many ways to help. It's easy to help by raising money. With this money, people can buy koalas the things they need. It is also a good way to help by supporting the koalas by foundations. That would be a huge help! Another way that can help is visiting koala shops and buying. This money helps the koalas. No matter what you do, big or small, it will make an impact on saving the koalas!

 

How to Help

Population is a trouble of koalas. Since the disease Chlamydiosis has wiped out 40% of the koalas, their population is mildly decreasing. “One of the most common places to find koalas in Australia these days is in the hospital”, says BBC News. Those aren’t goods words to be hearing. Koalas are suffering from habitat destruction, domestic dog attacks, bushfires and road accidents. Those are all of their threats. there are now as few as about 43,000 in the wild. There are only four states where Koalas occur in the wild. Those states are New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria and South Australia. Each state’s government is in charge of protecting the Koalas, and makes the decisions on their habitat. Although it will be hard to increase the koala’s populations, it's possible, but only if we help.

 

Population

As you can see, Koalas are going through some rough times, and if we don't help, things will get bad. There's problems like their threats, and the population problems. That can be fixed, it only has to be made a point so that the Koalas will survive. “Why are humans still not helping?” Humans aren’t helping because they don’t know about this. This information has been informed because people need to know about this. In the end, people need to help, and fix this to put an end to endangered koalas.

 

Conclusion

 

Breed- When a female reproduces

 

Chlamydia- A disease for birds and mammals, including humans and affects parts of the body

 

Coastal islands- A barrier of islands that runs parallel to the main coast

 

Critically- Someone to incline for fault

 

 

Domestic- Of or relating to the home, the household, household affairs, or the family

 

Destruction- The act of destroying

 

Hitch- To harness an animal

 

Joey- A young animal, specifically a koala

 

Native- Being the place or environment in which a person was born or a thing came into being

 

Pouch- A pocket where the koala develops

 

Range-The extent to which or the limits between which variation is possible

 

Region- A continuous part of a space

 

Reproduce- Creating more of that breed

 

Threats- Something that threatens

 

Woodlands- Land covered with trees

Glossary